Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2023
Leases [Abstract]  

8. Leases


The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception based on whether the Company has the right to control the use of an identified asset, the right to obtain substantially all of the economic benefits from the use of the asset and the right to direct the use of the asset. After the criteria are satisfied, the Company accounts for these arrangements as leases in accordance with ASC 842, Leases. Right-of-use assets represent the Company’s right to use the underlying asset for the lease term and lease liabilities represent the Company’s obligation to make lease payments arising from the lease. Right-of-use assets and liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date based on the present value of lease payments over the lease term, including payments at commencement that depend on an index or rate. For leases in which the Company is the lessee do not have a readily determinable implicit rate, an incremental borrowing rate, based on the information available at the lease commencement date, is utilized to determine the present value of lease payments. When a secured borrowing rate is not readily available, unsecured borrowing rates are adjusted for the effects of collateral to determine the incremental borrowing rate. The Company uses the implicit rate for agreements in which it is a lessor. The Company has not entered into any material agreements in which it is a lessor. Lease expense and lease income are recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term for operating leases.


In April 2023, the Company entered into an operating lease for office space. The lease has a term of 135 months beginning on the commencement date (the “Commencement Date”), being the earlier of (i) the date on which the Company begins occupying the leased space, and (ii) December 7, 2023; and the lease provides for an abatement period of 15 months from the Commencement Date. The Company’s secured borrowing rate of 15% was used to determine the present value of lease payments and establish the right-of-use asset and lease liability at lease inception for this lease.


The Company’s other operating leases include its current office and manufacturing facility and leases for certain office equipment.


The following table presents the Company’s lease costs which are included in general and administrative expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations:


    Three months ended     Six months ended  
    June 30,     June 30,  
    2023     2022     2023     2022  
Fixed lease expense   $ 104,528     $ 139,315     $ 207,497     $ 69,191  
Variable lease expense     96,335       89,016       105,270       44,508  
Total operating lease expense   $ 200,863     $ 228,331     $ 312,767     $ 113,699  


Cash paid for operating leases was $204,987 and $206,042 for the six months ended June 30, 2023, and June 30, 2022, respectively.


The following table presents the balance and classifications of the Company’s right-of-use assets and lease liabilities included in the unaudited condensed balance sheets:


    Balance Sheet Location   June 30,
    December 31,
Operating lease assets   Operating lease right-of-use asset   $ 1,384,779     $ 317,208  
Operating lease liabilities   Operating lease liabilities - current     524,279       410,158  

Operating lease liabilities

  Operating lease liabilities - long-term     992,660       87,214  
Total lease liabilities       $ 1,516,939     $ 497,372  


For operating lease assets and liabilities, the weighted average remaining lease term was 11.2 years and 2.2 years as of June 30, 2023, and December 31, 2022, respectively. The weighted average discount rate used in the valuation over the remaining lease terms was 13.9% as of June 30, 2023, and 7.9% as of December 31, 2022.


The following table presents the Company’s maturities of lease liabilities as of June 30, 2023:


2023     $ 220,745  
2024       66,374  
2025       208,169  
2026       268,483  
2027       290,968  
2028 onward       2,476,008  
Total lease payments       3,530,747  
Total present value discount       (2,013,808 )
Operating lease liabilities     $ 1,516,939