Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2022
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies [Abstract]
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation – The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP, under the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and on a basis consistent with the audited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto of Nauticus Robotics Holdings, Inc. as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021, except the shares and corresponding equity amounts and loss per share related to Nauticus Robotics Holdings, Inc.’s Common Stock prior to the Business Combination have been retroactively restated to reflect the post-combination Common Stock capital structure. Certain disclosures have been condensed or omitted from these financial statements. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with such audited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto of Nauticus Robotics Holdings, Inc., which are included in the definitive proxy statement/prospectus filed with the SEC on August 15, 2022.
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) that management considers necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and stockholders’ equity (deficit) for the interim periods presented. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year or any future period.
These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect the financial condition, results of operations, cash flows and changes in stockholders’ equity (deficit) of Nauticus Robotics Holdings Inc. for periods until September 9, 2022, the Closing Date of the Business Combination, and the condensed consolidated results of operations, cash flows and changes in stockholders’ equity (deficit) of Nauticus Robotics, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiary, Nauticus Robotics Holdings Inc. for the period from September 10, 2022 through September 30, 2022. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies – The Company’s significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 2 to Nauticus Robotics Holdings, Inc.’s financial statements in the definitive proxy statement/prospectus filed with the SEC on August 15, 2022. There have been no significant changes to these policies which have had a material impact on the Company’s interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022.
Use of Estimates – The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include the (i) estimates of future costs to complete customer contracts recognized over time, (ii) valuation allowances for deferred income tax assets, (iii) valuation of stock-based compensation awards and (iv) the valuation of conversion options, warrants and earnouts. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Revenue – Our primary sources of revenue are from providing technology and engineering services to the offshore industry and governmental entities. Revenue is generated pursuant to contractual arrangements to design and develop subsea robots and software and to provide related engineering, technical, and other services according to the specifications of the customers. These contracts for service sales (cost plus fixed fee or firm fixed fee) typically have terms of up to 18 months. The Company has no product sales as its core products are still under development.
A performance obligation is a promise in a contract to transfer distinct goods or services to a customer. The product and services in our contracts are typically not distinct from one another. Accordingly, our contracts are typically accounted for as one performance obligation.
Our performance obligations under service agreements generally are satisfied over time as the service is provided. Revenue under these contracts is recognized over time using an input measure of progress (typically costs incurred to date relative to total estimated costs at completion). This requires management to make significant estimates and assumptions to estimate contract sales and costs associated with its contracts with customers. At the outset of a long-term contract, the Company identifies risks to the achievement of the technical, schedule and cost aspects of the contract. Throughout the contract term, on at least a quarterly basis, we monitor and assess the effects of those risks on its estimates of sales and total costs to complete the contract. Changes in these estimates could have a material effect on our results of operations.
Firm-fixed price contracts present the risk of unreimbursed cost overruns, potentially resulting in lower-than-expected contract profits and margins. This risk is generally lower for cost plus fixed fee contracts which, as a result, generally have a lower margin.
Inventories – Inventories include raw materials and work in process used in the construction and installation of a portfolio of ocean robotics systems technology products that include the Aquanaut and Olympic Arm. Raw materials consist of composite marine structures, commercial off-the-shelf or COTS, batteries, and hardware and electrical components. Work in progress inventories consist of raw materials and labor for construction of projects. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Cost is determined using the first-in, first-out method. The Company periodically reviews inventories for specifically identifiable items that are unusable or obsolete based on assumptions about future demand and market conditions. Based on this evaluation, we make provisions for unusable and obsolete inventories in order to write inventories down to their net realizable value.
Inventories consisted of the following:
Common Stock Warrants – We account for common stock warrants as either equity-classified or liability-classified instruments based on an assessment of the warrant’s specific terms and applicable authoritative guidance. This assessment considers whether the warrants are freestanding financial instruments, meet the definition of a liability or requirements for equity classification, including whether the warrants are indexed to the Company’s Common Stock, among other conditions for equity classification. This assessment, which requires the use of professional judgment, is conducted at the time of warrant issuance and as of each subsequent quarterly period end date while the warrants are outstanding.
We have determined that the Private Warrants and Public Warrants should be accounted for as liabilities. The Private Warrants and Public Warrants were initially recorded at their estimated fair value on the Closing Date and are then re-valued at each reporting date thereafter, with changes in the fair value reported in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Derivative warrant liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement or conversion of the instrument could be required within 12 months of the balance sheet date. The fair value of the Private Warrants was estimated using a Black-Scholes option pricing model (a Level 3 measurement). The Public Warrants are valued using their publicly-traded price at each measurement date (a Level 1 measurement).
We have determined that the SPA Warrants (defined below) should be accounted for as liabilities. The SPA Warrants were initially recorded at their estimated fair value on the Closing Date and are then re-valued at each reporting date thereafter, with changes in the fair value reported in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Derivative warrant liabilities are classified in the balance sheet as current or non-current based on whether or not net-cash settlement or conversion of the instrument could be required within 12 months of the balance sheet date. At the Closing Date, the SPA Warrants fair value upon issuance was estimated using a Monte Carlo valuation model (a Level 3 measurement).
Earnout Shares – Earnout shares, issuable to former holders of Nauticus Robotics Holdings, Inc.’s Common Stock, are held in escrow. The Earnout Shares will be released upon occurrence of a Triggering Event within five years of the Closing Date. The Earnout Shares are considered legally issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock subject to restrictions on transfer and potential forfeiture pending the achievement of the earnout targets. The Company evaluated the Earnout Shares and concluded that they meet the criteria for equity classification. The Earnout Shares were classified in stockholders’ equity (deficit), recognized at fair value upon the closing of the Business Combination and will not be subsequently remeasured. Their estimated fair value upon issuance was determined using a Monte Carlo valuation model (a Level 3 measurement).
Convertible Instruments – In August 2020, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2020-06, Debt — Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. ASU 2020-06 simplifies the accounting for convertible instruments by reducing the number of accounting models for convertible debt instruments and convertible preferred stock. Limiting the accounting models results in fewer embedded conversion features being separately recognized from the host contract as compared with current GAAP. Convertible instruments that continue to be subject to separation models are (1) those with embedded conversion features that are not clearly and closely related to the host contract, which meet the definition of a derivative, and that do not qualify for a scope exception from derivative accounting and (2) convertible debt instruments issued with substantial premiums for which the premiums are recorded as paid-in capital. ASU 2020-06 also amends the guidance for the derivatives scope exception for contracts in an entity’s own equity to reduce form-over-substance-based accounting conclusions.
The amendments in ASU 2020-06 further revise the guidance in ASC 260, Earnings Per Share, to require entities to calculate diluted earnings per share for convertible instruments using the if-converted method. In addition, entities must presume share settlement for purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share when an instrument may be settled in cash or shares.
The Company elected to early adopt ASU 2020-06 as of January 1, 2021 using the modified retrospective method. Adoption of this new guidance had no impact on prior year retained earnings as we have stated the convertible debt instruments at their face value in prior period financial statements without bifurcation. Adoption of this guidance had no impact on Company financial statements at the date of adoption but is applicable to newly issued instruments.
Capitalized Interest – The Company capitalizes interest costs incurred to work in process during the related construction periods. Capitalized interest is charged to cost of revenue when the related completed project is delivered to the buyer. During the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company capitalized interest totaling $265,650 and $350,857, respectively, to work in process attributable to inventories and property and equipment. No amounts of interest were capitalized during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021.
Earnings (Loss) per Share – Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed in the same manner as basic earnings per share except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional shares of common stock that could have been outstanding assuming the exercise of stock options and warrants (determined using the treasury stock method) and conversion of convertible debt. The Earnout Shares, which are subject to forfeiture if the achievement of certain stock price thresholds is not met, are not considered participating securities and are not included in the weighted-average shares outstanding for purposes of calculating loss per share.
Major Customer and Concentration of Credit Risk – We have a limited number of customers. During the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2022, sales to two customers accounted for 99% and 96% of total revenue, respectively. The total balance due from these customers as of September 30, 2022 comprised 96% of accounts receivable. During the three months ended September 30, 2021, sales to two customers accounted for 91% and 7% of total revenue, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, sales to two customers accounted for 85% and 14% of total revenue, respectively. The total balances due from these customers as of December 31, 2021, made up 86% of accounts receivable. No other customer represented more than 10% of our revenue. Loss of these customers could have a material adverse impact on the Company.
Reclassifications – Financial statements presented for prior periods include reclassifications that were made to conform to the current-period presentation.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements – In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses, which replaces the existing incurred loss impairment model with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. We adopted this standard on January 1, 2022. There was no impact from the adoption of this standard on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
There are no other new accounting pronouncements that are expected to have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Restatement of prior financial information – This assessment of our SPA Warrants, which requires the use of professional judgment, was conducted at the time of warrant issuance. Pursuant to our policy for account for warrants and as preparation for the initial filing of Form 10-K at December 31, 2022, we have reassessed the classification of our SPA Warrants and determined the warrants according to ASC 815-40-15-7E should have been classified as derivative warrant liabilities at fair value and marked to market at each reporting period, with changes in fair value recorded in earnings. As a result, the SPA Warrants should be classified as liability rather than equity in our Form 10-Q issued for the period ended September 30, 2022. The Company in each subsequent quarter will continually review the classification of our warrants.
SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 99, “Materiality,” and FASB, Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No. 2 “Qualitative Characteristics of Accounting Information” indicate that quantifying and aggregating errors is only the beginning of an analysis of materiality and that both quantitative and qualitative factors must be considered in determining whether individual errors are material. The Company evaluated the corrections and has determined that the impact was material for the period ended September 30, 2022. The assessment resulted in the amendment of the previously reported financial statements reported in the Company’s Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2022.
The SPA Warrants, which are accounted for as liabilities in our condensed consolidated balance sheets, were valued as of September 9, 2022 at $20,949,110 and was estimated using a Monte Carlo valuation model incorporating future projections of the various potential outcomes and any exercise price adjustments based on future financing events.
The condensed consolidated financial statements and certain of the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 have been restated to reflect the corrections. The impact of the restatement for the period ended September 30, 2022 is shown in the tables below and did not change the Company’s reported total assets, cash and cash equivalents, operating expenses, operating losses or cash flows from operations.